'Cairn U' : Passage Tomb

TownlandCorstown
CountyMeath
Grid RefN 586 776
GPSN 58637 77606 (5m)
Longitude7° 6' 40.12" W
Latitude53° 44' 41.15" N
ITM east480366
ITM north584435
Nearest TownOldcastle (4.3 Km)
OS Sheet42
UTM zone29U
UTM x449041
UTM y5761192

This is a subsite of:

Loughcrew - Corstown - Loughcrew (Carnbane East) - Passage Tomb Cemetery
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Visit Notes

Saturday, 25th November 2006

The passage of Cairn U faces roughly south. Its cairn is over 1.5m high still and reaches above the top of the orthostats that form the cruciform passage and chamber.

The rear stones of the three chambers are all very heavily carved, although this is fading somewhat due to erosion. There is also some carving on the orthostats from the passage, but this is difficult to see/photograph due to the narrowness of the passage.

A barrow is essentially a mound of earth over one or more burials. They are more usually to be dated to the Bronze Age. There are many forms of barrow including ring, bowl, long and bell barrows.

Ring barrows are formed by digging a circular trench or fosse around a central burial, with no mound.

Bowl barrows are formed by heaping up soil over the burial(s) from a surrounding fosse, these often have an external bank too (see Ballyremon Commons (County Wicklow)).

Bell barows are simply round mounds with no fosse or external bank.

Long barrows are rare in Ireland and are more common in southwest England. Their shape is basically ovoid rather than round (see Ballynoe (County Down))

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Random Gazetteer

A Selection of Other Passage Tombs

About Coordinates Displayed

This is an explanation of (and a bit of a disclaimer for) the coordinates I provide.

Where a GPS figure is given this is the master for all other coordinates. According to my Garmin these are quite accurate.

Where there is no GPS figure the 6 figure grid reference is master for the others. This may not be very accurate as it could have come from the OS maps and could have been read by eye. Consequently, all other cordinates are going to have inaccuracies.

The calculation of Longitude and Latitude uses an algorithm that is not 100% accurate. The long/lat figures are used as a basis for calculating the UTM & ITM coordinates. Consequently, UTM & ITM coordinates are slightly out.

UTM is a global coordinate system - Universal Transverse Mercator - that is at the core of the GPS system.

ITM is the new coordinate system - Irish Transverse Mercator - that is more accurate and more GPS friendly than the Irish Grid Reference system. This will be used on the next generation of Irish OS maps.

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